The Subfossil Lemurs of Madagascar

Madagascar was once home to thirteen lemur species that then went extinct with the arrival of human beings on the island over 2000 years ago. Below I’ve provided a summary table of those thirteen species. Later posts will review how these and other Malagasy species went extinct and outline other interesting research on the extinct and extant primate communities of Madagascar.

The subfossil lemurs of Madagascar (click on image to see it at full size)


Ganzhorn JU. (1997) Test of Fox’s assembly rule for functional groups in lemur communities in Madagascar. J. Zool. Lond. 241: 533-542.

Godfrey LR, Jungers WL and GT Schwartz. (2007) Ecology and Extinction of Madagascar’s Subfossil Lemurs. In: Lemurs. Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects. Pps. 41-643

Godfrey LR and M Irwin (2007) The Evolution of Extinction Risk: Past and Present Anthropogenic Impacts on the Primate Communities of Madagascar. Folia Primatologica. 78:405-419.

Godfrey LR and WL Jungers. (2003) The Extinct Sloth Lemurs of Madagascar. Evolutionary Anthropology. 12: 252-263.

Hartwig WC. (2002) The Primate Fossil Record. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nowak, Ronald M. (1999). Walker’s Primates of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press.

Jungers WL, Godfrey LR, Simons EL and PS Chatrath. (1997) Phalangeal curvature and positional behavior in extinct sloth lemurs (Primates, Palaeopropithecidae). PNAS 94: 11998–12001.

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